Theropod dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus rex, Allosaurus and others

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Dinosaur Facts   >   Classification   >   Saurischia   >   Theropods

Theropod Dinosaurs



Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Sauropsida
  Superorder Dinosauria
  Order Saurischia
  Suborder Theropoda
The Theropoda (meaning "beast-footed") dinosaurs were a suborder of the the Saurischian dinosaurs. Dinosaurs in the Theropod suborder include, among others, Allosaurus, Spinosaurus, and Tyrannosaurus rex.

Theropods first appeared during the Triassic period, about 230 million years ago, and gradually diverged into many different lineages. At some time during the Jurassic period, or perhaps earlier, one of the lineages gave rise to the first first birds. Theropod dinosaurs survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago, when all the remaining non-avian dinosaurs became extinct, although of course birds (which technically are a type of Theropod dinosaur) survive to the present day.

Dinosaur Classification

Theropod dinosaurs were bipedal (walked on two legs). Their forelimbs generally had a highly restricted range of motion, for example they could not rotate ("pronate") their forearms so that their palms faced backwards or towards the ground. The vast majority of theropods were carnivores (meat-eaters), although a number of herbivorous (plant-eating) species did evolve towards during Cretaceous period (see, for example, Alxasaurus).

Theropod Timeline:



Theropod dinosaurs first appeared about 230 million years ago, and survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago

Theropod dinosaurs first appeared about 230 million years ago, and survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago

Types of Theropod Dinosaur



Here is a list of some Theropod dinosaurs:

Dinosaur

Acrocanthosaurus
Acrocanthosaurus
 

Adasaurus
Adasaurus
 

Afrovenator
Afrovenator
 

Albertosaurus
Albertosaurus
 

Alectrosaurus
Alectrosaurus
 

Alioramus
Alioramus
 

Allosaurus
Allosaurus
 

Alxasaurus
Alxasaurus
 

Anchiornis
Anchiornis
 

Aucasaurus
Aucasaurus
 

Avimimus
Avimimus
 

Bambiraptor
Bambiraptor
 

Baryonyx
Baryonyx
 

Buitreraptor
Buitreraptor
 

Carcharodontosaurus
Carcharodontosaurus
 

Carnotaurus
Carnotaurus
 

Caudipteryx
Caudipteryx
 

Ceratosaurus
Ceratosaurus
 

Chirostenotes
Chirostenotes
 

Coelophysis
Coelophysis
 

Coelurus
Coelurus
 

Compsognathus
Compsognathus
 

Cryolophosaurus
Cryolophosaurus
 

Deinonychus
Deinonychus
 

Dilong
Dilong
 

Dilophosaurus
Dilophosaurus
 

Dromaeosaurus
Dromaeosaurus
 

Dromiceiomimus
Dromiceiomimus
 

Eotyrannus
Eotyrannus
 

Epidexipteryx
Epidexipteryx
 

Gallimimus
Gallimimus
 

Giganotosaurus
Giganotosaurus
 

Gorgosaurus
Gorgosaurus
 

Guanlong
Guanlong
 

Herrerasaurus
Herrerasaurus
 

Majungasaurus
Majungasaurus
 

Megalosaurus
Megalosaurus
 

Microraptor
Microraptor
 

Nomingia
Nomingia
 

Ornithomimus
Ornithomimus
 

Oviraptor
Oviraptor
 

Pelecanimimus
Pelecanimimus
 

Protarchaeopteryx
Protarchaeopteryx
 

Rajasaurus
Rajasaurus
 

Rugops
Rugops
 

Saltopus
Saltopus
 

Scipionyx
Scipionyx
 

Sinornithoides
Sinornithoides
 

Sinosauropteryx
Sinosauropteryx
 

Sinovenator
Sinovenator
 

Spinosaurus
Spinosaurus
 

Staurikosaurus
Staurikosaurus
 

Struthiomimus
Struthiomimus
 

Suchomimus
Suchomimus
 

Tarbosaurus
Tarbosaurus
 

Torvosaurus
Torvosaurus
 

Troodon
Troodon
 

Tyrannosaurus rex
Tyrannosaurus rex
 

Utahraptor
Utahraptor
 

Velociraptor
Velociraptor
 

Xiongguanlong
Xiongguanlong
 

Yangchuanosaurus
Yangchuanosaurus
 



Related Information & Resources


See Also
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Theropod Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Theropods and Other Dinosauriformes
By Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Theropods; Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Sauropods Rubén Molina-Pérez & David Connolly

Princeton University Press
Released: 2019-06-25
Hardcover (288 pages)

Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Theropods and Other Dinosauriformes
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An illustrated record book of theropod facts and figures―from the biggest to the fastest to the smartest

The theropod dinosaurs ruled the planet for millions of years, with species ranging from the mighty Tyrannosaurus rex to feathered raptors no bigger than turkeys. Dinosaur Facts and Figures is a stunningly illustrated book of records for these marvelous creatures―such as the biggest, the smallest, and the fastest theropods, as well as the ones with the most powerful bite.

This one-of-a-kind compendium features more than 3,000 records, covers some 750 theropod species, and includes a wealth of illustrations ranging from diagrams and technical drawings to full-color reconstructions of specimens. The book is divided into sections that put numerous amazing theropod facts at your fingertips. “Comparing Species” is organized by taxonomic group and gives comparisons of the size of species, how long ago they lived, and when they were discovered. “Mesozoic Calendar” includes spreads showing the positions of the continents at different geological time periods and reconstructions of creatures from each period. “Prehistoric Puzzle” compares bones, teeth, and feathers while “Theropod Life” uses vivid, user-friendly graphics to answer questions such as which dinosaur was the smartest and which had the most powerful bite. Other sections chart theropod distribution on the contemporary world map, provide comprehensive illustrated listings of footprints, compile the physical specifications of all known theropods and Mesozoic birds, and much more.

  • The essential illustrated record book for anyone interested in dinosaurs
  • Features thousands of records on everything from the smartest and fastest theropods to the largest theropod eggs
  • Includes more than 2,000 diagrams and drawings and more than 300 digital reconstructions
  • Covers more than 750 theropod species, including Mesozoic birds and other dinosauromorphs
  • Provides detailed listings of footprints, biometric specifications, and scholarly and popular references

The Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs: The Theropods
By Rubén Molina-Pérez

The Natural History Museum
Released: 2019-06-06
Hardcover (288 pages)

The Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs: The Theropods
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Theropod dinosaurs ruled the planet for millions of years, with species ranging from the mighty Tyrannosaurus rex to feathered raptors no bigger than turkeys. The Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs: The Theropods is a stunningly illustrated guide packed with everything you could ever wish to know about theropods.

This one-of-a-kind compendium features more than 3,000 records, covers some 750 theropod species, and includes a wealth of illustrations ranging from diagrams and technical drawings to full-colour reconstructions of specimens. The book is divided into sections that put numerous amazing theropod facts at your fingertips.

'Comparing Species' reveals detailed size comparisons, how long ago they lived, and when they were discovered. 'Mesozoic Calendar' shows the positions of the continents at different geological time periods and reconstructions of creatures from each period. 'Prehistoric Puzzle' compares bones, teeth, and feathers while 'Theropod Life' uses vivid, user-friendly graphics to answer questions such as which dinosaur was the smartest and which had the most powerful bite.

Other sections chart theropod distribution on the contemporary world map, provide comprehensive illustrated listings of footprints, compile the physical specifications of all known theropods and Mesozoic birds, and much more.
Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Sauropods and Other Sauropodomorphs
By Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Theropods; Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Sauropods Rubén Molina-Pérez

Princeton University Press
Released: 2020-06-16
Hardcover (272 pages)

Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Sauropods and Other Sauropodomorphs
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Product Description:

An illustrated record book of sauropod facts and figures―the hugest, the oldest, the most intelligent, and more

The sauropod dinosaurs roamed the planet for millions of years, with creatures ranging from the smallest of the sauropods, Magyarosaurus, to the huge Brachiosaurus. This illustrated book of records is an essential compendium of sauropod facts and figures―from the biggest and the oldest to the smallest and the rarest. It covers every known species and features more than 2,000 diagrams and technical drawings along with hundreds of full-color reconstructions of specimens.

The book is divided into sections that put numerous amazing sauropod facts at your fingertips. "Comparing Species" is organized by taxonomic group and gives comparisons of the size of species, how long ago they lived, and when they were discovered. "Mesozoic Calendar" includes page spreads showing the positions of the continents at different geological time periods and reconstructions of creatures from each period. "Prehistoric Puzzles" compares bones, teeth, and feathers while "Sauropod Life" presents user-friendly graphics to answer questions like what did they eat and which was the most intelligent. There are sections that chart sauropod distribution on the contemporary world map, provide illustrated listings of footprints, compile the physical specifications of all known sauropods, and more.

  • The essential illustrated record book for anyone interested in dinosaurs
  • Features a wealth of comparative records
  • Includes more than 2,000 diagrams and technical drawings and hundreds of full-color reconstructions
  • Covers all known sauropodomorph species
  • Provides listings of footprints, biometric specifications, and scholarly and popular references

Notes on Early Mesozoic Theropods
By Robert Gay

lulu.com
Paperback (44 pages)

Notes on Early Mesozoic Theropods
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Notes on Early Mesozoic Theropods contains two papers on the poorly studied late Triassic and early Jurassic theropod dinosaur fauna of North America.The author discusses the evidence that has been used to support cannibalism hypothesis in the late Triassic dinosaur Coelophysis, and presents new evidence that disproves this commonly cited hypothesis.In the second paper, the author names a new genus and species of theropod dinosaur from the early Jurassic Kayenta Formation of Arizona. The new taxon represents the oldest yet-known example of a Tetanuran theropod in North America.For those interested in the paleontological history of the American southwest or the early evolutionary history of this interesting clade of dinosaurs, Notes on Early Mesozoic Theropods adds more information to the emerging picture of life in the southwest over 190 million years ago.
Osteology of Deinonychus antirrhopus, an Unusual Theropod from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana: 50th Anniversary Edition
By John H. Ostrom

The Yale Peabody Museum
Released: 2019-10-22
Paperback (196 pages)

Osteology of Deinonychus antirrhopus, an Unusual Theropod from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana: 50th Anniversary Edition
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John H. Ostrom’s expeditions to the Bighorn Basin of Wyoming and Montana in the 1960s resulted in discoveries and research that would change long-held concepts in paleontology. This fiftieth-anniversary edition of his now well-known description of the type specimen of Deinonychus antirrhopus revisits the work that redefined theropod dinosaurs as the intelligent, agile, and gregarious ancestors of modern birds and led in the late twentieth century to a renaissance in the study of dinosaurs and the evolution of flight.
Notebook: Spinosaurus Is A Genus Of Theropod Dinosaur That Lived , Journal for Writing, College Ruled Size 6" x 9", 110 Pages
By SpinosaurusqS Notebook

Independently published
Paperback (110 pages)

Notebook: Spinosaurus Is A Genus Of Theropod Dinosaur That Lived , Journal for Writing, College Ruled Size 6" x 9", 110 Pages
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College Ruled Color Paperback. Size: 6 inches x 9 inches. 55 sheets (110 pages for writing). Spinosaurus Is A Genus Of Theropod Dinosaur That Lived. 157468168991
Theropods did not have lips, update (Paleofile Bulletin)
By Tracy Lee Ford

Independently published
Paperback (58 pages)

Theropods did not have lips, update (Paleofile Bulletin)
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This is a continuation of my research started in 1997 on why I believe theropods lacked lips. My first talk was given at the Mesa Southwest Museum (now Arizona Museum of Natural History) was on this subject in 1997. I believe theropods (meat eating dinosaurs) lacked lips and I did my best to address the many arguments against this and write about some reasons that haven’t been discussed before. I’m publishing this work on my own to fund my research, and hope to continue adding to Paleofile Bulletins in the future.
Meat-Eating Dinosaurs: The Theropods (Dinosaur Library)
By Thom Holmes

Brand: Enslow Publishers
Library Binding (128 pages)

Meat-Eating Dinosaurs: The Theropods (Dinosaur Library)
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Product Description:
Provides information about the evolution, range, anatomy, physiology, reproduction, food, and extinction of the tyrannosaurs and other meat-eating dinosaurs known as theropods.


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