Theropod dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus rex, Allosaurus and others

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Dinosaur Facts   >   Classification   >   Saurischia   >   Theropods

Theropod Dinosaurs



Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Sauropsida
  Superorder Dinosauria
  Order Saurischia
  Suborder Theropoda
The Theropoda (meaning "beast-footed") dinosaurs were a suborder of the the Saurischian dinosaurs. Dinosaurs in the Theropod suborder include, among others, Allosaurus, Spinosaurus, and Tyrannosaurus rex.

Theropods first appeared during the Triassic period, about 230 million years ago, and gradually diverged into many different lineages. At some time during the Jurassic period, or perhaps earlier, one of the lineages gave rise to the first first birds. Theropod dinosaurs survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago, when all the remaining non-avian dinosaurs became extinct, although of course birds (which technically are a type of Theropod dinosaur) survive to the present day.

Dinosaur Classification

Theropod dinosaurs were bipedal (walked on two legs). Their forelimbs generally had a highly restricted range of motion, for example they could not rotate ("pronate") their forearms so that their palms faced backwards or towards the ground. The vast majority of theropods were carnivores (meat-eaters), although a number of herbivorous (plant-eating) species did evolve towards during Cretaceous period (see, for example, Alxasaurus).

Theropod Timeline:



Theropod dinosaurs first appeared about 230 million years ago, and survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago

Theropod dinosaurs first appeared about 230 million years ago, and survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago

Types of Theropod Dinosaur



Here is a list of some Theropod dinosaurs:

Dinosaur

Acrocanthosaurus
Acrocanthosaurus
 

Adasaurus
Adasaurus
 

Afrovenator
Afrovenator
 

Albertosaurus
Albertosaurus
 

Alectrosaurus
Alectrosaurus
 

Alioramus
Alioramus
 

Allosaurus
Allosaurus
 

Alxasaurus
Alxasaurus
 

Anchiornis
Anchiornis
 

Aucasaurus
Aucasaurus
 

Avimimus
Avimimus
 

Bambiraptor
Bambiraptor
 

Baryonyx
Baryonyx
 

Buitreraptor
Buitreraptor
 

Carcharodontosaurus
Carcharodontosaurus
 

Carnotaurus
Carnotaurus
 

Caudipteryx
Caudipteryx
 

Ceratosaurus
Ceratosaurus
 

Chirostenotes
Chirostenotes
 

Coelophysis
Coelophysis
 

Coelurus
Coelurus
 

Compsognathus
Compsognathus
 

Cryolophosaurus
Cryolophosaurus
 

Deinonychus
Deinonychus
 

Dilong
Dilong
 

Dilophosaurus
Dilophosaurus
 

Dromaeosaurus
Dromaeosaurus
 

Dromiceiomimus
Dromiceiomimus
 

Eotyrannus
Eotyrannus
 

Epidexipteryx
Epidexipteryx
 

Gallimimus
Gallimimus
 

Giganotosaurus
Giganotosaurus
 

Gorgosaurus
Gorgosaurus
 

Guanlong
Guanlong
 

Herrerasaurus
Herrerasaurus
 

Majungasaurus
Majungasaurus
 

Megalosaurus
Megalosaurus
 

Microraptor
Microraptor
 

Nomingia
Nomingia
 

Ornithomimus
Ornithomimus
 

Oviraptor
Oviraptor
 

Pelecanimimus
Pelecanimimus
 

Protarchaeopteryx
Protarchaeopteryx
 

Rajasaurus
Rajasaurus
 

Rugops
Rugops
 

Saltopus
Saltopus
 

Scipionyx
Scipionyx
 

Sinornithoides
Sinornithoides
 

Sinosauropteryx
Sinosauropteryx
 

Sinovenator
Sinovenator
 

Spinosaurus
Spinosaurus
 

Staurikosaurus
Staurikosaurus
 

Struthiomimus
Struthiomimus
 

Suchomimus
Suchomimus
 

Tarbosaurus
Tarbosaurus
 

Torvosaurus
Torvosaurus
 

Troodon
Troodon
 

Tyrannosaurus rex
Tyrannosaurus rex
 

Utahraptor
Utahraptor
 

Velociraptor
Velociraptor
 

Xiongguanlong
Xiongguanlong
 

Yangchuanosaurus
Yangchuanosaurus
 



Related Information & Resources


See Also
Making Math More Fun - Math Games Package


Theropod Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Theropods and Other Dinosauriformes
By Rubén Molina-Pérez & David Connolly

Princeton University Press
Released: 2019-06-25
Hardcover (288 pages)

Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Theropods and Other Dinosauriformes
List Price: $29.95*
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Product Description:

An illustrated record book of theropod facts and figures―from the biggest to the fastest to the smartest

The theropod dinosaurs ruled the planet for millions of years, with species ranging from the mighty Tyrannosaurus rex to feathered raptors no bigger than turkeys. Dinosaur Facts and Figures is a stunningly illustrated book of records for these marvelous creatures―such as the biggest, the smallest, and the fastest theropods, as well as the ones with the most powerful bite.

This one-of-a-kind compendium features more than 3,000 records, covers some 750 theropod species, and includes a wealth of illustrations ranging from diagrams and technical drawings to full-color reconstructions of specimens. The book is divided into sections that put numerous amazing theropod facts at your fingertips. “Comparing Species” is organized by taxonomic group and gives comparisons of the size of species, how long ago they lived, and when they were discovered. “Mesozoic Calendar” includes spreads showing the positions of the continents at different geological time periods and reconstructions of creatures from each period. “Prehistoric Puzzle” compares bones, teeth, and feathers while “Theropod Life” uses vivid, user-friendly graphics to answer questions such as which dinosaur was the smartest and which had the most powerful bite. Other sections chart theropod distribution on the contemporary world map, provide comprehensive illustrated listings of footprints, compile the physical specifications of all known theropods and Mesozoic birds, and much more.

  • The essential illustrated record book for anyone interested in dinosaurs
  • Features thousands of records on everything from the smartest and fastest theropods to the largest theropod eggs
  • Includes more than 2,000 diagrams and drawings and more than 300 digital reconstructions
  • Covers more than 750 theropod species, including Mesozoic birds and other dinosauromorphs
  • Provides detailed listings of footprints, biometric specifications, and scholarly and popular references

The Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs: The Theropods
By Rubén Molina-Pérez

The Natural History Museum
Released: 2019-06-06
Hardcover (288 pages)

The Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs: The Theropods
Lowest New Price: $28.58*
Lowest Used Price: $33.11*
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Product Description:
Theropod dinosaurs ruled the planet for millions of years, with species ranging from the mighty Tyrannosaurus rex to feathered raptors no bigger than turkeys. The Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs: The Theropods is a stunningly illustrated guide packed with everything you could ever wish to know about theropods.

This one-of-a-kind compendium features more than 3,000 records, covers some 750 theropod species, and includes a wealth of illustrations ranging from diagrams and technical drawings to full-colour reconstructions of specimens. The book is divided into sections that put numerous amazing theropod facts at your fingertips.

'Comparing Species' reveals detailed size comparisons, how long ago they lived, and when they were discovered. 'Mesozoic Calendar' shows the positions of the continents at different geological time periods and reconstructions of creatures from each period. 'Prehistoric Puzzle' compares bones, teeth, and feathers while 'Theropod Life' uses vivid, user-friendly graphics to answer questions such as which dinosaur was the smartest and which had the most powerful bite.

Other sections chart theropod distribution on the contemporary world map, provide comprehensive illustrated listings of footprints, compile the physical specifications of all known theropods and Mesozoic birds, and much more.
The Science of Killer Dinosaurs: The Bloodcurdling Truth About T. rex and Other Theropods (The Science of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Monsters)
By Steve Parker

Franklin Watts
Released: 2017-09-01
Paperback (32 pages)

The Science of Killer Dinosaurs: The Bloodcurdling Truth About T. rex and Other Theropods (The Science of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Monsters)
List Price: $9.95*
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Product Description:
Discover the world in which extinct predators lived, their physical characteristics, and how they hunted and survived.

The theropod group of dinosaurs saw the biggest, fiercest predators that ever walked the Earth - and also some of the smallest, which were nevertheless incredibly deadly for their size. Hundreds of kinds of these killers existed through the Age of Dinosaurs, from about 230 to 66 million years ago.
Theropod ART
By Mark Musy

Mark Musy
Released: 2012-01-24
Kindle Edition (26 pages)

Theropod ART
 
Product Description:
Theropod ART presents photos of very realistic carnosaur sculptures,
drawings and illustrations with detailed descriptions revealing how he
designs them. Mark Musy shows them in his small scale traveling
dinosaur art exhibit. His e-book includes T-rex, Acrocanthosaurus,
Giganotosaurus, and several megalosaurids. The sculptures depicted
in the book are between 31 to 45 inches long. The artist prefers to
sculpt theropods; that's the large two footed dinosaurs with big teeth.
Killer Dinosaurs: Theropods (Dino Explorers)
By Clare Hibbert

Enslow Publishing
Released: 2018-08-15
Paperback (32 pages)

Killer Dinosaurs: Theropods (Dino Explorers)
List Price: $10.53*
Lowest New Price: $6.08*
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Product Description:
Two-legged carnivorous dinosaurs, known as theropods, are one of the most recognizable dinosaur types. Going beyond Tyrannosaurus rex, this book showcases many theropods, including feathered dinosaurs (dromaeosaurs) that, once discovered, provided one of the missing links between dinosaurs and birds. Although scientists have not discovered very many theropod fossils, they have still discovered a great deal about how these dinosaurs hunted, where they lay their eggs, and much more. Fact boxes, timelines, and images will help readers learn all about these fierce prehistoric carnivores.
Avian Ancestors: A Review of the Phylogenetic Relationships of the Theropods Unenlagiidae, Microraptoria, Anchiornis and Scansoriopterygidae (SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences)
By Federico Agnolin

Brand: Springer
Released: 2013-02-27
Paperback (108 pages)

Avian Ancestors: A Review of the Phylogenetic Relationships of the Theropods Unenlagiidae, Microraptoria, Anchiornis and Scansoriopterygidae (SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences)
List Price: $69.99*
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  • Used Book in Good Condition
Product Description:
Although consensus exists among researchers that birds evolved from coelurosaurian theropods, paleontologists still debate the identification of the group of coelurosaurians that most closely approaches the common ancestor of birds. The last 20 years witnessed the discovery of a wide array of avian-like theropods that has considerably amplified the anatomical disparity among deinonychosaurians, some of which resemble Archaeopteryx more than Deinonychus. Among these newly discovered theropods that show remarkable bird-like characteristics are the four-winged theropods Microraptor and Anchiornis, and the unenlagiids Unenlagia, Buitreraptor, and Rahonavis. A bizarre group of minute-sized coelurosaurs, the Scansoriopterygidae, also exhibits some avian similarities that lead some authors to interpret them as more closely related to birds than other dinosaurs. With the aim to explore the phylogenetic relationships of these coelurosaurians and birds, we merged recently published integrative databases, resulting in significant changes in the topological distribution of taxa within Paraves. We present evidence that Dromaeosauridae, Microraptoria, Unenlagiidae, and Anchiornis + Xiaotingia form successive sister taxa of Aves, and that the Scansoriopterygidae are basal coelurosaurians not closely related to birds. The implications in the evolutionary sequence of anatomical characters leading to birds, including the origin of flight, are also considered in light of this new phylogenetic hypothesis.
Osteology of Deinonychus antirrhopus, an Unusual Theropod from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana: 50th Anniversary Edition
By John H. Ostrom

The Yale Peabody Museum
Released: 2019-10-22
Paperback (196 pages)
List Price: $35.00*
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Product Description:
John H. Ostrom’s expeditions to the Bighorn Basin of Wyoming and Montana in the 1960s resulted in discoveries and research that would change long-held concepts in paleontology. This fiftieth-anniversary edition of his now well-known description of the type specimen of Deinonychus antirrhopus revisits the work that redefined theropod dinosaurs as the intelligent, agile, and gregarious ancestors of modern birds and led in the late twentieth century to a renaissance in the study of dinosaurs and the evolution of flight.


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