Facts about Cynodonts, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Cynodonts

Cynodonts



Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Synapsida
  Order Therapsida
  (unranked) Theriodontia
  Suborder Cynodontia
Cynodonts were a group of animals that lived during the late Permian period, though to the mid Cretaceous period, perhaps from about 250 million to 100 million years ago.

Cynodonts had many mammal-like features. They had differentiated teeth, mammal-like skulls, a large braincase, a secondary palate, and were probably warm-blooded and covered in hair. It is thought however that they did laid eggs, just like other Mesozoic Era proto-mammals. Today, it is widely believed that all modern mammals are descended from a Cynodonts.

The name "Cynodont" was coined by Sir Richard Owen in 1861, and means "dog teeth".

Cynodonts Timeline:



Cynodonts were mammal-like reptiles that lived between 250 and 100 million years ago, and were probably the ancestors of all modern mammals

Cynodonts were mammal-like reptiles that lived between 250 and 100 million years ago, and were probably the ancestors of all modern mammals


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Cynodont Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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Forerunners of Mammals: Radiation • Histology • Biology (Life of the Past)
Indiana University Press
Released: 2011-11-18
Hardcover (352 pages)

Forerunners of Mammals: Radiation • Histology • Biology (Life of the Past)
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Product Description:

About 320 million years ago a group of reptiles known as the synapsids emerged and forever changed Earth’s ecological landscapes. This book discusses the origin and radiation of the synapsids from their sail-backed pelycosaur ancestor to their diverse descendants, the therapsids or mammal-like reptiles, that eventually gave rise to mammals. It further showcases the remarkable evolutionary history of the synapsids in the Karoo Basin of South Africa and the environments that existed at the time. By highlighting studies of synapsid bone microstructure, it offers a unique perspective of how such studies are utilized to reconstruct various aspects of biology, such as growth dynamics, biomechanical function, and the attainment of sexual and skeletal maturity. A series of chapters outline the radiation and phylogenetic relationships of major synapsid lineages and provide direct insight into how bone histological analyses have led to an appreciation of these enigmatic animals as once-living creatures. The penultimate chapter examines the early radiation of mammals from their nonmammalian cynodont ancestors, and the book concludes by engaging the intriguing question of when and where endothermy evolved among the therapsids.

THE PRIMITIVE CYNODONT PROCYNOSUCHUS: STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND EVOLUTION OF THE POSTCRANIAL SKELETON.
By T. Kemp

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
Paperback

THE PRIMITIVE CYNODONT PROCYNOSUCHUS: STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND EVOLUTION OF THE POSTCRANIAL SKELETON.
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The Chanares (Argentina) Triassic Reptile fauna. V. A New Chiniquodontid Cynodont, Probelesodon lewisi - Cynodont Ancestry, 1969, Breviora, Number 333 : 24 pages with illustrations.
By A. S. Romer

Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology
Paperback

The Chanares (Argentina) Triassic Reptile fauna. V. A New Chiniquodontid Cynodont, Probelesodon lewisi - Cynodont Ancestry, 1969, Breviora, Number 333 : 24 pages with illustrations.
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POSTILLA, NO. 126: MORPHOLOGY AND SYSTEMATICS OF THE NORTHERN DVINA CYNODONTS (REPTILIA, THERAPSIDA; UPPER PERMIAN).
By L. P. Tatarinov

Peabody Museum, Yale University
Paperback

POSTILLA, NO. 126: MORPHOLOGY AND SYSTEMATICS OF THE NORTHERN DVINA CYNODONTS (REPTILIA, THERAPSIDA; UPPER PERMIAN).
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A Note on the Cynodont, Glochinodontoides Gracilis Haughton
By Lieuwe D. Boonstra

American Museum of Natural History
Paperback
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TRIASIC CYNODONT REPTILES FROM ANTARCTICA.
By E. & J. Kitching Colbert

American Museum Nat. History
Paperback
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PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON B: BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, VOLUME 288, NUMBER 1027: THE PRIMITIVE CYNODONT 'PROCYNOSUCHUS'; STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND EVOLUTION OF THE POSTCRANIAL SKELETON.
By T. S. Kemp

Royal Society
Paperback
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The Chanares (Argentina) Triassic Reptile Fauna. XIX. Postcranial Materials of the Cynodonts Probelesodon and Probainognathus, 1973, Breviora, Number 407 : 26 pages with illustrations.
By A. S. and Lewis, A. D. Romer

Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology
Paperback
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The Brazilian Triassic Cynodont Reptiles Belesodon and Chiniquodon, 1969, Breviora, Number 332 : 16 pages with illustrations.
By A. S. Romer

Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology
Paperback
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The Chanares (Argentina) Triassic Reptile Fauna. VI. A Chiniquodontid Cynodont with an Incipient Squamosal-Dentary Jaw Articulation, 1970, Breviora, Number 344 : 18 pages with illustrations.
By A. S. Romer

Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology
Paperback
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