Facts about Pliosaurs, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Pliosaurs

Pliosaurs



Kronosaurus
Click here for more Pliosaur Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Sauropsida
  Superorder Sauropterygia
  Order Plesiosauria
  Suborder Pliosauroidea
Pliosaurs were a group of extinct marine reptiles. Their fossils are found in Jurassic and Cretaceous period rocks, and they are believed to have evolved during the earlier Triassic period. Pliosaurs, although not themselves dinosaurs, seem to have gone extinct at the same time as the dinosaurs, during the Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction.

Early Pliosaurs are generally similar to Plesiosaurs in appearance, and are believed to have evolved from Plesiosaurs. It is not however entirely clear whether all Pliosaurs evolved from a common ancestor, or whether different species of Pliosaurs independently evolved similar adaptations.

Pliosaurs can be recognized by their short neck (in contrast to the longer neck of Plesiosaurs), and their four paddle-like limbs. Their heads were elongated and filled with conical teeth - suggesting they were carnivores. Pliosaurs are believed to have eaten fish, Ichthyosaurs, Plesiosaurs, and other Pliosaurs. Pliosaurs ranged between 13 feet (4 meters) and 50 feet (15 meters) in length - and the skulls of the largest animals were 10 feet (3 meters) in length.

Fossils of Pliosaurs have been found around the world including in England, Norway, the United States, Mexico, South America, and Australia.

Pliosaurs Timeline:



Pliosaurs were marine reptiles that lived between 228 and 65 million years ago

Pliosaurs were marine reptiles that lived between 228 and 65 million years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Pliosaur Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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Vengeance from the Deep - Book One: Pliosaur
By Russ Elliott

Severed Press
Released: 2015-10-06
Kindle Edition (280 pages)

Vengeance from the Deep - Book One: Pliosaur
 
Product Description:
AN ANCIENT SHIP LOST AT SEA 

In 1852, a whaling vessel killed a bizarre creature the length of a whale. . . but it was no whale. Soon after, the ship went missing, along with any evidence of their find. Was the encounter true, or merely a legend? The public could only wonder as newspapers of the day spread the story across Europe. A mystery that would go on to haunt and taunt cryptozoologist through the ages
 
. .. until now.
Archeologist John Paxton has always been eluded by the great find. But his luck is about to change on a mysterious island near South Africa. An island that holds the deadly secret behind the ancient ship's disappearance.

But the riddle of the ship is soon eclipsed by what John uncovers next. He encounters a lost civilization with a plan straight from hell. Within the caverns beneath the island, the tribe worships and nurtures a prehistoric marine reptile that could engulf T. rex. The size of a sperm whale, and equipped with ten-foot jaws bristling with eighteen-inch teeth, this pliosaur is the last remaining member of the greatest predator species that ever lived. Only then does John realize the islanders' true agendato unleash the leviathan on the modern world to fulfill their bloodlust for revenge.

Now John finds himself in a desperate hunt to stop the fifty-ton killing machine before the Ivory Coast washes blood red. A suicidal mission that will take him to the deep-sea floor, and face-to-face with the deadliest predator of all time.

DON'T MISS PART 2 - VENGEANCE FROM THE DEEP: BLOOD OF THE NECALA
Vengeance from the Deep - Book Three: Isle of Blood
By Russ Elliott

Severed Press
Released: 2019-01-15
Kindle Edition (267 pages)

Vengeance from the Deep - Book Three: Isle of Blood
 
Product Description:
THE BATTLE CONTINUES

A disturbing discovery forces Archeologist John Paxton back to the island where his nightmare began. Only this time, he doesn’t go it alone. Backed by a South African Naval squadron, John and an elite special ops team are primed for a simple mission: locate the voracious target, take it out, and button up the island hell once and for all.

The squadron has no idea what awaits them.

When they arrive at the island, the team is outfoxed by the tribesmen and finds itself in a fight for sheer survival. But the bloodbath has only begun. They soon face a primeval monstrosity more terrifying than they could have ever imagined . . . and it’s not alone.

An unsuspecting island.

Meanwhile, directly in the path of the caravan of teeth, a world renowned aquatic destination flourishes. Touted as a Disneyland for divers, Hudd Island offers an opulent underwater hotel and access to the world’s most extravagant deep-sea sculpture garden, sunken riverboat casino, and much more. Now, John and the battle-weary squadron are the resort’s only hope. But is it too late? Can anyone stop the guests’ dream dive vacations from becoming a blood-soaked nightmare?
Vengeance from the Deep - Book Two: Blood of the Necala
By Russ Elliott

Severed Press
Released: 2015-10-06
Kindle Edition (190 pages)

Vengeance from the Deep - Book Two: Blood of the Necala
 
Product Description:
*Second Edition

While one archeologist has escaped the small island of vengeful tribesmen, a leviathan too has escaped the island . . . the deadliest prehistoric sea creature ever known: pliosaurus, powerful and unstoppable in its purpose.

Just three days since John Paxton narrowly escapes “island hell,” he returns to South Africa to face the creature’s bloody swath of destruction. Assisted by savvy pilot Kate, John scours the ocean waters, obsessed with ending the reign of terror he believes he has unleashed by taunting the island’s status quo.
But the attacks are forming a pattern—a chilling parallel with a prophecy foretold by the island’s tribal elders. All the while, John is unaware that he has been followed by tribal elder Kota, who will stop at nothing to see the bloody prophecy fulfilled.

Now, both hunter and prey, John is hot on the trail of the most lethal set of jaws in history. But when a plan that should have killed the leviathan fails, John faces the ultimate question.

Is he battling a mortal creature or, as the villagers prophesied, something more than flesh and bone

. . . an avenging spirit spawned from the abyss

. . . a vengeance from the deep?
Pliosaur ART
By Mark Musy

Mark Musy
Released: 2012-01-19
Kindle Edition (23 pages)

Pliosaur ART
 
Product Description:
Pliosaur ART presents photos of very realistic dinosaur sculpture and art
by Mark Musy with descriptions, drawings and illustrations of how he
created them for his small scale traveling dinosaur art exhibit. The e-book
focuses on his art, depicting Kronosaurus and Liopleurodon, several of the
largest prehistoric ocean dwelling carnivores that lived during the early
Cretaceous.
Vengeance from the Deep - Book One( Pliosaur)[VENGEANCE FROM THE DEEP - BK 1][Paperback]
By RussElliott

ThewordverveInc
Paperback

Vengeance from the Deep - Book One( Pliosaur)[VENGEANCE FROM THE DEEP - BK 1][Paperback]
Lowest New Price: $935.25*
Lowest Used Price: $55.78*
*(As of 08:30 Pacific 15 Oct 2019 More Info)


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Product Description:
Title: Vengeance from the Deep - Book One( Pliosaur) <>Binding: Paperback <>Author: RussElliott <>Publisher: ThewordverveInc
Sea Dragons: Predators of the Prehistoric Oceans
By Richard Ellis

University Press of Kansas
Paperback (326 pages)

Sea Dragons: Predators of the Prehistoric Oceans
List Price: $22.50*
Lowest New Price: $22.50*
Lowest Used Price: $15.85*
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Product Description:
In the days when dinosaurs dominated the earth, their marine counterparts—every bit as big and ferocious—reigned supreme in prehistoric seas. In this entrancing book, Richard Ellis, one of the world�s foremost writers on the denizens of the deep, takes us back to the Mesozoic era to resurrect the fascinating lives of these giant seagoing reptiles.

Working from the fossil record, Ellis explores the natural history of these fierce predators, speculates on their habits, and tells how they eventually became extinct—or did they? He traces the 200-million-year history of the great ichthyosaurs, plesiosaurs, and mosasaurs who swam the ancient oceans—and who, according to some, may even still frequent the likes of Loch Ness.

Picture if you will seventy-foot dragons with foot-long serrated teeth, or an animal that looked like a crocodile crossed with a shark the size of a small yacht. With its impossibly long neck, Plesiosaurus conybeari has been compared to �a giant snake threaded through the body of a turtle.� At a length of nearly sixty feet, Mosasaurus hoffmanni boasted powerful jaws and teeth that could crunch up even the hardest-shelled giant sea turtle. And Kronosaurus queenslandicus, perhaps the most formidable of the lot, had a skull nine feet long—more than twice that of Tyrannosaurus Rex—with teeth to match.

The first book about these amazing animals in nearly a century, Sea Dragons draws upon the most recent scientific research to vividly reconstruct their lives and habitats. Their fossils have been found all over the world—in Europe, Australia, Japan, and even Kansas—in lands that once lay on the floors of Jurassic and Triassic seas. Along the way, the book also provides intriguing insights into and entertaining tales about the work, discoveries, and competing theories that compose the fascinating world of vertebrate paleontology.

Ellis also graces his text with a set of incomparable illustrations. Widely hailed as our foremost artist of marine natural history, he depicts vividly how these creatures probably appeared and, through these likenesses, invites us to speculate on their locomotion, their predatory habits, their very lifestyles.

A genuine book of marvels and wonders, Sea Dragons will certainly stir one�s curiosity about our planet�s prehistoric past.
Prehistoric Sea Beasts (If Extinct Beasts Came to Life)
By Matthew Rake

Hungry Tomato ®
Released: 2017-01-01
Paperback (32 pages)

Prehistoric Sea Beasts (If Extinct Beasts Came to Life)
List Price: $7.99*
Lowest New Price: $7.52*
Lowest Used Price: $11.00*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
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Product Description:

The ocean is filled with giant, strange, and scary creatures such as whales, octopuses, and sharks―but the prehistoric megalodon was powerful enough to crush a killer whale. Other sea beasts of the past could hold their own against even the most mysterious of modern sea creatures. Sea scorpions had claws the size of tennis rackets. Tanystropheus used its long neck to catch fish from land. And Leedsichthys had as many as 40,000 teeth! What would happen if these extinct beasts came to life? Imagine prehistoric sea beasts chasing dolphins, fighting crocodiles, and hunting humpback whales―and learn all about the prehistoric creatures of the deep!

[ { PLESIOSAURS, INCLUDING: PLESIOSAUR, PLIOSAUR, PLESIOSAURIA, LIST OF PLESIOSAURS, PLESIOSAURIDAE, ELASMOSAURIDAE, CIMOLIASAURIDAE, CRYPTOCLIDID } ] by Hephaestus Books (AUTHOR) Sep-12-2011 [ Paperback ]
By Hephaestus Books

Hephaestus Books
Paperback

[ { PLESIOSAURS, INCLUDING: PLESIOSAUR, PLIOSAUR, PLESIOSAURIA, LIST OF PLESIOSAURS, PLESIOSAURIDAE, ELASMOSAURIDAE, CIMOLIASAURIDAE, CRYPTOCLIDID } ] by Hephaestus Books (AUTHOR) Sep-12-2011 [ Paperback ]
 
A Review of Upper Jurassic Pliosaurs
Bulletin of The British Museum (Natural History)
Paperback
 
On the structure of the skull of a pliosaur
By Charles William Andrews

Unknown Binding (185 pages)
 


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