Facts about Mammoths, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Mammoths

Mammoths



Mammuthus primigenius
Click here for more Mammoth Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Mammalia
  Order Proboscidea
  Family Elephantidae
  Genus Mammuthus
Mammoths were a genus of herbivores closely related to modern animals. Their were a variety of different species that lived during the Pliocene epoch, from about 4.8 million years ago, until as recently as 3,700 years ago.

There were a number of different species of Mammoths. Some of the better known species are:
  • Probably the best known species of Mammoth is the Tundra Mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius, which is informally known as the "Woolly Mammoth". They were covered in thick shaggy hair, which was upper to 3 feet (1 meter) long, a wool-like undercoat, and 3 inch (8 centimeter) layer of fat under the skin all of which helped to protect them from the cold environments. These mammoths lived in northern North America, Europe and Asia, and the last surving population is believed to have survived until 1700 BCE in Wrangel Island, Russia.

  • The Steppe Mammoth, Mammuthus trogontherii lived in steppe and tundra areas of Eurasia between about 600,000 and 370,000 years ago. It stood 15 feet (4.7 meters) tall at the shoulder and had spiral shaped tusks. It is believed to have been ancestral to, and eventually have been displaced by, Mammuthus primigenius, the Woolly Mammoth.

  • The Imperial Mammoth, Mammuthus imperator, lived in California and New Mexico, between about 4.6 million and 17,000 years ago. The Imperial Mammoth's tusk was one of the larger Mammoths, and is not believed to have had a thick fur coat. It is recognizable by the fact that its tusks curve to overlap.

    Mammuthus imperator
    Click here for more Mammoth Pictures

Mammoths Timeline:



Mammoths were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 4.8 million and 3,700 years ago

Mammoths were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 4.8 million and 3,700 years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Mammoth Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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How to Wash a Woolly Mammoth: A Picture Book
By Michelle Robinson

Henry Holt and Co. (BYR)
Released: 2014-01-21
Hardcover (32 pages)

How to Wash a Woolly Mammoth: A Picture Book
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Product Description:

Things can get a bit messy when you try to wash a woolly mammoth. Follow this step-by-step guide to successfully clean up your hairy friend. Be forewarned! A mammoth's tummy is terribly tickly.

Young readers and parents alike will appreciate this hilarious bath time adventure.

Math Mammoth Grade 2-A Worktext
By Maria Miller

Math Mammoth
Paperback (160 pages)

Math Mammoth Grade 2-A Worktext
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Product Description:

Math Mammoth Grade 2-A student worktext covers some review of 1st grade math, reading the clock, addition and subtraction facts within 18, adding two-digit numbers, geometry topics, and fractions. It is meant for the first half of grade 2. This student worktext contains both the necessary instruction and the problems & exercises (the 'text' & and the 'work'; thus a "worktext"), and is fairly self-teaching. The curriculum meets and exceeds the Common Core standards. This is the full-color version; in other words, the inside pages are in full color. Please note this is a student worktext and does not contain answers.

Math Mammoth Grade 1-A Worktext
By Maria Miller

Math Mammoth
Paperback (148 pages)

Math Mammoth Grade 1-A Worktext
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Product Description:

Math Mammoth Grade 1-A (Light Blue Series) student worktext teaches the concepts of addition, subtraction, and place value with two-digit numbers. It is meant for the first half of grade 1. This student worktext contains both the necessary instruction and the problems & exercises (the 'text' & and the 'work'; thus a "worktext"), and is fairly self-teaching. The curriculum is aligned to the Common Core standards. This is the full-color version; in other words, the inside pages are in full color. Please note this is a student worktext and does not contain answers.

Math Mammoth Grade 3-A Worktext
By Maria Miller

Math Mammoth
Paperback (186 pages)
Windows

Math Mammoth Grade 3-A Worktext
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  • Complete curriculum for grades 1-6
Product Description:

This book has gray-scale interior pages.

Math Mammoth Grade 3-A is the student worktext for the first half of grade 3 mathematics studies, as part of the Math Mammoth Grade 3 curriculum. It covers addition and subtraction topics, the multiplication concept, multiplication tables, clock, and money.

Math Mammoth Grade 3 Answer Keys
By Maria Miller

Math Mammoth
Paperback (126 pages)

Math Mammoth Grade 3 Answer Keys
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Math Mammoth Grade 3 Answer Keys contains answer keys to Math Mammoth Grade 3-A and 3-B student worktexts, chapter tests, the end-of-year test, and the cumulative review lessons. This is the full-color version; in other words, the inside pages are in full color.
 

Moctu and the Mammoth People:: An Ice Age Story of Love, Life, and Survival
By Neil Bockoven

Waldorf Publishing
Released: 2019-07-15
Kindle Edition (351 pages)

Moctu and the Mammoth People:: An Ice Age Story of Love, Life, and Survival
 
Product Description:
Moctu and the Mammoth People is a compelling, well-researched story of a strong, young, dark-skinned Cro-Magnon boy who must fight his rival for leadership of his tribe and the right to mate the beautiful Nuri. Additionally, Moctu has confrontations with the “Pale Ones”, a fierce group of Neanderthals also called the People Eaters, as the two cultures interact in Paleolithic Italy 45,000 years ago.

Besides having dangerous encounters with mammoths, wolves, and saber-tooth tigers, Moctu has to deal with his older rival, Jabil, who fights and undermines him at every opportunity. After Jabil murders several elders who go against him, he deftly shifts blame onto the Pale Ones. He takes over as the tribe’s leader and makes Moctu’s life miserable.

On a hunting trip, Moctu is captured and enslaved by the Pale Ones. While with them, Moctu is shocked to discover that, although these primitive people know little about spear-throwers or making clothes, they can make fire, and he learns the skill. He meets the blond and fair-skinned Effie and over time, he recognizes that his hate for the Pale Ones was misplaced. Realizing that Nuri by now has been mated to Jabil, Moctu falls in love with Effie and has a child. But when he uncovers evidence that Jabil murdered his tribesmen, Moctu knows he must return home and mount a challenge. In the interim, Nuri has had to deal with emotional and physical adversities including coming of age and being mated to a man she despises. When Moctu returns, can he overcome Jabil? How will Nuri react? The interspecies conflict may also get Moctu or Effie killed.
Mammoths: Giants of the Ice Age
By Adrian Lister

Chartwell Books
Hardcover (192 pages)

Mammoths: Giants of the Ice Age
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Product Description:

A dazzling visual record of one of Earth's most extraordinary species, this updated and revised edition of Mammoths: Giants of the Ice Age integrates exciting new research to piece together the story of mammoths, mastodons, and their relatives, icons of the Ice Age. Incorporating recent genetic work, new fossil finds, new extinction theories, and more, Mammoths is a captivating exploration of how these mighty creatures evolved, lived, and mysteriously disappeared. The book features a wealth of color illustrations that depict mammoths in their dramatic Ice Age habitats, scores of photographs of mammoth remains, and images of the art of prehistoric people who saw these animals in the flesh. Have you ever wondered what a Mammoth would look like in real life? Find out what a Mammoth would look like today and so much more in Mammoths.

Full of intriguing facts, boxed features, and clear graphics, Mammoths examines the findings, including intact frozen carcasses from Siberia and fossilized remains from South Dakota, California, England, France, and elsewhere that have provided clues to the mammoths' geographic range, body structure, way of life, and interactions with early humans. It is an enthralling story of paleontological, archaeological, and geological exploration and of the fascinating investigations of biologists, anthropologists, and art historians worldwide.

Woolly Mammoths (Ice Age Animals)
By Melissa Higgins

Capstone Press
Paperback (24 pages)

Woolly Mammoths (Ice Age Animals)
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Product Description:
Tusks over 10 feet long made woolly mammoths intimidating ice age animals. Awesome illustrations accompany carefully leveled text about food, habitat, behavior, and extinction, bringing woolly mammoths to life like never before.
Math Mammoth Grade 4-A Worktext
By Maria Miller

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (200 pages)

Math Mammoth Grade 4-A Worktext
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Product Description:

This book has gray-scale interior pages.

Math Mammoth Grade 4-A is the student worktext for the first half of grade 4 mathematics studies, as part of the Math Mammoth Grade 4 curriculum. It covers addition, subtraction, patterns, graphs, large numbers, multi-digit multiplication, time, and measuring.

How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction
By Beth Shapiro

imusti
Released: 2016-09-20
Paperback (240 pages)

How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction
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  • Princeton University Press
Product Description:

Could extinct species, like mammoths and passenger pigeons, be brought back to life? The science says yes. In How to Clone a Mammoth, Beth Shapiro, evolutionary biologist and pioneer in "ancient DNA" research, walks readers through the astonishing and controversial process of de-extinction. From deciding which species should be restored, to sequencing their genomes, to anticipating how revived populations might be overseen in the wild, Shapiro vividly explores the extraordinary cutting-edge science that is being used--today--to resurrect the past. Journeying to far-flung Siberian locales in search of ice age bones and delving into her own research--as well as those of fellow experts such as Svante Paabo, George Church, and Craig Venter--Shapiro considers de-extinction's practical benefits and ethical challenges. Would de-extinction change the way we live? Is this really cloning? What are the costs and risks? And what is the ultimate goal?


Using DNA collected from remains as a genetic blueprint, scientists aim to engineer extinct traits--traits that evolved by natural selection over thousands of years--into living organisms. But rather than viewing de-extinction as a way to restore one particular species, Shapiro argues that the overarching goal should be the revitalization and stabilization of contemporary ecosystems. For example, elephants with genes modified to express mammoth traits could expand into the Arctic, re-establishing lost productivity to the tundra ecosystem.


Looking at the very real and compelling science behind an idea once seen as science fiction, How to Clone a Mammoth demonstrates how de-extinction will redefine conservation's future.



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