Facts about Chalicotheres, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Chalicotheres

Chalicotheres



Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Mammalia
  Order Perissodactyla
  Family Chalicotheriidae
Chalicotheres a group of odd-toed ungulates (Perissodactyls) that lived from the Eocene epoch to the Pliocene epoch, between about 40 million and 2 million years ago. They are related to the extinct Brontotheres, as well as horses, rhinoceroses and tapirs.

The distinctive feature of Chalicotheres is that their hind limbs were considerably shorter than their front limbs. The front limbs were also equipped with claws. As a result of this, it is believe that Chalicotheres walked with most of the weight on their hind limbs, but probably also used the knuckles on their front limbs to support themselves (a similar posture to modern gorillas).

Chalicotheres were herbivores (plant-eaters), and it was once thought they they may have used the claws on their front limbs to dig for roots and tubers. The very limited amount of wear on their claws and teeth does not however support the digging hypothesis, and so it is now thought more likely that Chalicotheres were browsers who used their claws to help strip foliage from trees.

The larges Chalicotheres were about the size of a horse, and Chalicotheres are sometimes described as being like "horses with claws" - but while there is some superficial resemblance, such a description can actually be misleading. As already noted, Chalicotheres posture was very different from that of horses, and additionally Chalicotheres were much more heavily built than horses.

Although mainstream scientists generally believe that Chalicotheres are extinct, there is perhaps a small possibility that some may survive. Some cryptozoologists (people who searched for rumored animals whose existence is uncertain), believe that an animal that supposedly lives in Kenya, and which is usually known as the "Nandi Bear", may actually be a surviving Chalicothere. Some descriptions of the Nandi Bear, seem to contain features that match Chalicothere features (although the Nandi Bear is usually described as a carnivore) - of course, the existence of the Nandi Bear at all, let alone whether it is a surviving Chalicothere, currently remains unproven.

Chalicotheres Timeline:



Chalicotheres were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 40 and 2 million years ago

Chalicotheres were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 40 and 2 million years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Chalicothere Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

The Nandi Bear (Deeper Realms Book 5)
By Ian RobertS

Released: 2019-06-07
Kindle Edition (156 pages)

The Nandi Bear (Deeper Realms Book 5)
 
Product Description:
“‘Go,’ she hissed, fighting the fear which occupied her mind, ‘go get Adam …’ She kept her voice low and measured, little more than a whisper, her eyes locked on the huge tapering muzzle.”

With her fiancé’s life in danger, palaeontologist Eve Wells finds herself forced once more to aid the enigmatic Ravenna Friere, travelling to the jungles of West Africa to investigate a team of scientists hunting a legendary creature.

But the Nandi Bear is no mere African folk-tale, and as Eve begins to suspect that at least one long extinct creature still roams the ancient woodland, she finds herself plunged into a series of terrifying events, which both shake her faith in her time travelling companion, and leave her wondering at the identity of the enigmatic woman who steps in to save her.

The fifth book in the thought provoking five star rated time travel series – with a surprise cameo appearance from Sir David Attenborough!
The Nandi Bear (Deeper Realms)
By Ian RobertS

Independently published
Paperback (167 pages)

The Nandi Bear (Deeper Realms)
List Price: $7.76*
Lowest New Price: $7.76*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 12:16 Pacific 22 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
“‘Go,’ she hissed, fighting the fear which occupied her mind, ‘go get Adam …’ She kept her voice low and measured, little more than a whisper, her eyes locked on the huge tapering muzzle.”With her fiancé’s life in danger, palaeontologist Eve Wells finds herself forced once more to aid the enigmatic Ravenna Friere, travelling to the jungles of West Africa to investigate a team of scientists hunting a legendary creature.But the Nandi Bear is no mere African folk-tale, and as Eve begins to suspect that at least one long extinct creature still roams the ancient woodland, she finds herself plunged into a series of terrifying events, which both shake her faith in her time travelling companion, and leave her wondering at the identity of the enigmatic woman who steps in to save her.The fifth book in the thought provoking five star rated time travel series – with a surprise cameo appearance from Sir David Attenborough!
Chalicotheres from Mongolia and China in the American Museum.
By Edwin H. Colbert

American Museum of Natural History
Paperback
Lowest Used Price: $8.50*
*(As of 12:16 Pacific 22 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Tylocephalonyx, a new genus of North American dome-skulled chalicotheres (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) (Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History)
By Margery Chalifoux Coombs

American Museum of Natural History
Unknown Binding (64 pages)
Lowest Used Price: $8.00*
*(As of 12:16 Pacific 22 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
PALEOMOROPUS, A NEW EARLY EOCENE CHALICOTHERE (MAMMALIA, PERISSODACTYLA), AND A REVISION OF EOCENE CHALICOTHERES
By Leonard B Radinsky

Amer Mus Nat Hist
Paperback
 


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