Facts about Glyptodonts, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Glyptodonts

Glyptodonts



Glyptodont
Click here for more Glyptodont Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Mammalia
  Superorder Xenarthra
  Order Cingulata
  Family Glyptodontida
Glyptodonts are heavily armored grazing herbivores (plant-eaters) that evolved in South America, when it was an island continent, and when the top predators on the continent were the giant flightless carnivorous birds (Phorusrhacids) - although it is thought possible that Glyptodonts may also have been preyed on by Megatherium). Glyptodonts first appeared during the late Miocene epoch, perhaps 7 million years ago, and became extinct at about the end of the last age, probably as recently as 10,000 years ago (most likely as a result of hunting by humans).

Glyptodonts are related to anteaters, sloths (including Megatherium), and armadillos. Like many of their relatives, they had no incisor or canine teeth, although they were equipped with powerful cheek teeth and muscles which would have been suitable for grinding up tough vegetation.

The distinctive feature of Glyptodonts is their armor. The tortoise-like shell is made from bone segments, which each species of Glyptodont having their own particular design of shell and segments. Even the tail of the animal was armored, and some species also had a mace-like projection on their tail, which they could use as a club for self-defense. The largest genus of the family, Glyptodon, was about the same size, weight, and general shape as a Volkswagen Beetle car.

Glyptodonts Timeline:



Glyptodonts were South American armored herbivores (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 7 million and 10,000 years ago

Glyptodonts were South American armored herbivores (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 7 million and 10,000 years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Glyptodont Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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Glyptodonts (Exploring Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Creatures)
By Susan H. Gray

The Child's World, Inc.
Released: 2014-01-01
Kindle Edition (32 pages)

Glyptodonts (Exploring Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Creatures)
 
Product Description:
What prehistoric animal was the size of a small car and had a thick shell that covered its back, neck, and sides? Glyptodonts provides an introduction to these unusual creatures that were the ancient relatives of modern-day anteaters and armadillos.
Glyptodonts of North America
By D D Ray, C E Gillette

Smithsonian Institution
Paperback (255 pages)

Glyptodonts of North America
Lowest Used Price: $26.75*
*(As of 20:25 Pacific 15 Feb 2019 More Info)


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Product Description:
Pp. (5), 255; 89 text-figures (black-and-white photos and maps). Original light purple printed wrappers, lettered in white, sm 4to. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, no. 40. A complete review of North American glyptodonts (an extinct family of large, heavily armored xenarthrans related to modern armadillos).
14 Fun Facts About Glyptodonts: A 15-Minute Book (15-Minute Books 39)
By Caitlind Alexander

LearningIsland.com
Released: 2011-11-10
Kindle Edition (20 pages)

14 Fun Facts About Glyptodonts: A 15-Minute Book (15-Minute Books 39)
 
Product Description:
What are these huge, strange animals with four legs, a shell, and a spiked tail? Meet the glyptodont, a prehistoric animal from the time of the mammoths. Scientists have found out many facts about this incredible animal, and here are a few of them.
Find out:
What did a glyptodont eat?
How large were glyptodonts?
How fast could they move?
What is their shell made of?
What were all the tiny holes in the shell for?

Find out more about the glyptodont and amaze your family and friends with these fun facts.

LearningIsland.com believes in the value of children practicing reading for 15 minutes every day. Our 15-Minute Books give children lots of fun, exciting choices to read, from classic stories, to mysteries, to books of knowledge. Many books are appropriate for hi-lo readers. Open the world of reading to a child by having them read for 15 minutes a day.
A Miocene glyptodont from Venezuela (American Museum novitates)
By George Gaylord Simpson

American Museum of Natural History
Paperback (10 pages)

A Miocene glyptodont from Venezuela (American Museum novitates)
Lowest Used Price: $7.90*
*(As of 20:25 Pacific 15 Feb 2019 More Info)


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The journals of Emlyn Harness
By Clayton Laurence Cheek

Glyptodont Pub
Unknown Binding (344 pages)

The journals of Emlyn Harness
Lowest New Price: $19.95*
*(As of 20:25 Pacific 15 Feb 2019 More Info)


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Product Description:
A rollicking, picaresque western, replete with incredible characters and surprising plot twists; a colorful tale of the west in the late 19th century as seen through the eyes of Emlyn Harness, gentleman, scholar and adventurer.
Brachyostracon, A New Genus of Glyptodonts from Mexico
By Barnum Brown

American Museum of Natural History
Paperback
Lowest Used Price: $9.00*
*(As of 20:25 Pacific 15 Feb 2019 More Info)


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Glyptotherium texanum, a new glyptodont, from the Lower Pleistocene of Texas (Bulletin / American Museum of Natural History)
By Henry Fairfield Osborn

Published by order of the Trustees, American Museum of Natural History
Unknown Binding
 
A glyptodont from South Carolina (The Charleston Museum Leaflet)
By Clayton Edward Ray

Charleston Museum
Unknown Binding (12 pages)
 


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