Pelecanimimus was an ominovorous dinosaur that lived in the early
between about 135 and 125 million years ago. It was one of the earliest
members of the Ornithomimosaur superfamily, and lived in
(Fossils of the animal
were discovered in
Pelecanimimus grew to a length of about 6½ to 8 feet (2 to 2.5 meters).
It was about 3½ feet (1 meter) tall at the hips, and probably
weighed around 220 pounds (100 kilograms).
Pelecanimimus had a number of unusual features for an Ornithomimosaur.
These include a very long narrow skull, and a surprisingly large number
of teeth (about 220) - most Ornithomimosaur don't seem to have had teeth at all.
Pelecanimimus that have been found, include soft-tissue impressions.
From these, we know that the animal had a small crest on the back of its head,
which was presumably made from skin or keratin, and a punch on its neck (a "gular pouch"),
similar to the pouch of modern pelicans. It is this pouch which was the inspiration for the
name "Pelecanimimus" - it means "pelican mimic".
Pelecanimimus was a member of the Saurischia ("lizard-hipped") order of dinosaurs. What this means, is that although Pelecanimimus was not closely related to lizards, it did have similarly shaped pelvic bones.
Pelecanimimus was a Theropod - a member of a group of related bipedal dinosaurs that included the ancestors of birds (although Pelecanimimus was not itself an ancestor of birds).
Pelecanimimus lived between about 135 million years ago and 125 million years ago, during the Cretaceous period.
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