Thylacoleo is believed to have the strongest bite (for its weight) of animal mammalian species. It also had a number of other remarkable features: a powerful tail that allowed it to stand in a tripod-like position on its hind limbs (freeing its front limbs for attacking prey), powerful front limbs with retractable claws and semi-opposable thumbs. It is also thought that Thylacoleo would have been able to climb trees, and perhaps even carry carcasses up into the trees with it.
Thylacoleo was about 45 inches (115 centimeters) long, and 28 inches (70 centimeters) tall at the shoulder. A typical adult probably weighed around 290 pounds (130 kilograms).
The first scientific description of Thylacoleo was made by Sir Richard Owen in 1859. Owen was also responsible for choosing the name "Thylacoleo" which means "pouch lion".
Thylacoleo was a marsupial carnivore (plant-eater) that lived between 2 million and 30,000 years ago
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