Facts about Elasmotherium, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Elasmotherium



Elasmotherium sibiricum

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Mammalia
  Order Perissodactyla
  Family Rhinocerotidae
  Genus Elasmotherium
Elasmotherium was a genus of rhinoceroses that lived from the late Pliocene, perhaps about 1.6 million years ago, until perhaps early historical times (some people say it may even has inspired the myth of the unicorn). During this time, different species evolved and died out, and the range of Elasmotherium changed, but at various times it is believed to have inhabited China, Central Asia, Russia, and parts of Eastern Europe.

Elasmotherium was a large animal, about 20 feet (6 meters) long, 6½ feet (2 meters) high, and weighing around 5 tons. Its most distinctive feature was a single 6 foot (2 meter) horn on its forehead.

Although it is not that Elasmotherium was a herbivore (plant-eater), details of how it lived its life are still debate. One hypothesis is that it lived on the steppe, another is that it preferred riparian (river margin) habitats. There is some evidence in support of both hypotheses, so it is also possible that it lived in both habitats.


Elasmotherium Timeline:

Elasmotherium were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 1.6 million years ago and the recent past

Elasmotherium were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 1.6 million years ago and the recent past

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