Facts about Belemnites, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Belemnites

Belemnites



Belemnite
Click here for more Belemnite Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Mollusca
  Class Cephalopoda
  Subclass Coleoidea
  (unranked) Cohort Belemnoidea
Belemnites are an extinct group (there are actually several different Orders of Belemnites) of cephalopod molluscs. They first appeared in the Devonian period about 416 million years ago, were particularly abundant during the Mesozoic Era, especially during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, but went extinct during the Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction.

Belemnites are believed have been similar to modern squid, and were related to cuttlefish. They had ten arms of approximately equal length, which were apparently equipped with hooks for grabbing prey, and also an ink sac. They also had an internal chambered shell (known as the "guard" or "rostrum") which was enclosed by muscular tissue.

Fossils of Belemnites are common, so much so that they are sometimes used as "index fossils" (Fossils used to determine the relative date of rocks), particularly in the case of Cretaceous period chalk formations). However, although occasionally fossils have been found showing soft-tissue, normally only the shell of the animal is preserved, and this of course represents a tiny fraction of the total animal. The smallest shells are less than ½ inch (about 1 centimeter) in length, but the largest found are around 18 inches (46 centimeters) in length - suggesting the largest Belemnites were probably around 10 feet (3 meters) in size.

Today, a type of Belemnite, Belemnitella Americana is the State Fossil of the US state of Delaware.

Belemnite
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Belemnites Timeline:



Belemnites were cephalopod molluscs that lived in the seas between 416 and 65 million years ago

Belemnites were cephalopod molluscs that lived in the seas between 416 and 65 million years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Belemnite Books


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Observations Sur Les Bélemnites... (French Edition)
By Philippe Louis Voltz

Wentworth Press
Released: April 9th, 2019
Paperback (96 pages)

Observations Sur Les Bélemnites... (French Edition)
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Description:
Observations Sur Les Bélemnites... (French Edition)
  • Manufacturer: Wentworth Press
  • ISBN: 1012562867
  • EAN: 9781012562861
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 96
  • Author: Philippe Louis Voltz
  • Publication Date: April 9th, 2019
  • Release Date: April 9th, 2019
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.21 Inches by 6.14 Inches by 0.2 Inches
  • Weight: 0.3196702799 Pounds
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La Zone À Belemnites Plenus. Etude Sur Le Cénomanien Et Le Turonien Du Bassin De Paris... (French Edition)
By Charles Barrois

Wentworth Press
Released: August 8th, 2018
Paperback (54 pages)

La Zone À Belemnites Plenus. Etude Sur Le Cénomanien Et Le Turonien Du Bassin De Paris... (French Edition)
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La Zone À Belemnites Plenus. Etude Sur Le Cénomanien Et Le Turonien Du Bassin De Paris... (French Edition)
  • Manufacturer: Wentworth Press
  • ISBN: 0341123757
  • EAN: 9780341123750
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 54
  • Author: Charles Barrois
  • Publication Date: August 8th, 2018
  • Release Date: August 8th, 2018
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.21258 Inches by 6.14172 Inches by 0.1118108 Inches
  • Weight: 0.20062065842 Pounds
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Coniacian and Santonian belemnite faunas from Bornholm, Denmark / Santonian to Maastrichtian Ammonites from Scania, southern Sweden (Fossils and Strata Monograph Series)
By Walter Kegel Christensen & William James Kennedy

Wiley-Interscience
Released: December 6th, 2006
Paperback (128 pages)

Coniacian and Santonian belemnite faunas from Bornholm, Denmark / Santonian to Maastrichtian Ammonites from Scania, southern Sweden (Fossils and Strata Monograph Series)
List Price: $66.50*
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Coniacian and Santonian belemnite faunas from Bornholm, Denmark / Santonian to Maastrichtian Ammonites from Scania, southern Sweden (Fossils and Strata Monograph Series)
  • Manufacturer: Wiley-Blackwell
  • Brand: Wiley-Interscience
  • ISBN: 8200376958
  • EAN: 9788200376958
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 128
  • Authors: Walter Kegel Christensen, Max-Gotthard Schulz, William James Kennedy
  • Publication Date: December 6th, 2006
  • Release Date: December 6th, 2006
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.051159 Inches by 8.598408 Inches by 0.330708 Inches
  • Weight: 1.06262810284 Pounds
Features:
  • Used Book in Good Condition
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Considérations Sur Les Belemnites, Suivies D'un Essai De Belemnitologie Synoptique... (French Edition)
By Jacques-Napoléon Faure-Biguet

Nabu Press
Released: April 7th, 2012
Paperback (62 pages)

Considérations Sur Les Belemnites, Suivies D un Essai De Belemnitologie Synoptique... (French Edition)
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Considérations Sur Les Belemnites, Suivies D'un Essai De Belemnitologie Synoptique... (French Edition)
  • Manufacturer: Nabu Press
  • ISBN: 1279677805
  • EAN: 9781279677803
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 62
  • Author: Jacques-Napoléon Faure-Biguet
  • Publication Date: April 7th, 2012
  • Release Date: April 7th, 2012
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.68502 Inches by 7.44093 Inches by 0.1283462 Inches
  • Weight: 0.27998707274 Pounds
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Observations On Belemnites: And Other Fossil Remains Of Cephalopoda Discovered By Mr. Reginald Neville Mantell In The Oxford Clay Near Trowbridge, In Wiltshire
By Gideon Algernon Mantell

Nabu Press
Released: August 22nd, 2011
Paperback (48 pages)

Observations On Belemnites: And Other Fossil Remains Of Cephalopoda Discovered By Mr. Reginald Neville Mantell In The Oxford Clay Near Trowbridge, In Wiltshire
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Description:
Observations On Belemnites: And Other Fossil Remains Of Cephalopoda Discovered By Mr. Reginald Neville Mantell In The Oxford Clay Near Trowbridge, In Wiltshire
  • Manufacturer: Nabu Press
  • ISBN: 1175856363
  • EAN: 9781175856364
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 48
  • Author: Gideon Algernon Mantell
  • Publication Date: August 22nd, 2011
  • Release Date: August 22nd, 2011
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.68502 Inches by 7.44093 Inches by 0.0992124 Inches
  • Weight: 0.22928075248 Pounds
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Observations On Belemnites And Other Fossil Remains Of Cephalopoda (1848)
By Gideon Algernon Mantell

Kessinger Publishing, LLC
Released: September 10th, 2010
Paperback (40 pages)

Observations On Belemnites And Other Fossil Remains Of Cephalopoda (1848)
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Observations On Belemnites And Other Fossil Remains Of Cephalopoda (1848)
  • Manufacturer: Kessinger Publishing, LLC
  • ISBN: 1166557596
  • EAN: 9781166557591
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 40
  • Author: Gideon Algernon Mantell
  • Publication Date: September 10th, 2010
  • Release Date: September 10th, 2010
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.0236 Inches by 8.50392 Inches by 0.1039368 Inches
  • Weight: 0.26 Pounds
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Mémoire sur les Bélemnites, Considérées Zoologiquement Et Géologiquement (Classic Reprint) (French Edition)
By Henri-Marie Ducrotay de Blainville

Forgotten Books
Released: March 6th, 2018
Paperback (150 pages)

Mémoire sur les Bélemnites, Considérées Zoologiquement Et Géologiquement (Classic Reprint) (French Edition)
Lowest New Price: $9.57*
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Description:
Mémoire sur les Bélemnites, Considérées Zoologiquement Et Géologiquement (Classic Reprint) (French Edition)
  • Manufacturer: Forgotten Books
  • ISBN: 0243887078
  • EAN: 9780243887071
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 150
  • Author: Henri-Marie Ducrotay de Blainville
  • Publication Date: March 6th, 2018
  • Release Date: March 6th, 2018
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.01573 Inches by 5.98424 Inches by 0.3212592 Inches
  • Weight: 0.46076612758 Pounds
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Ordre Naturel Des Oursins de Mer Et Fossiles, Avec Des Observations Sur Les Piquans Des Oursins de Mer Et Quelques Remarques Sur Les Belemnites Par M. (French Edition)
By Jacob Theodor Klein

Nabu Press
Released: January 28th, 2012
Paperback (330 pages)

Ordre Naturel Des Oursins de Mer Et Fossiles, Avec Des Observations Sur Les Piquans Des Oursins de Mer Et Quelques Remarques Sur Les Belemnites Par M. (French Edition)
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Ordre Naturel Des Oursins de Mer Et Fossiles, Avec Des Observations Sur Les Piquans Des Oursins de Mer Et Quelques Remarques Sur Les Belemnites Par M. (French Edition)
  • Manufacturer: Nabu Press
  • ISBN: 1273632710
  • EAN: 9781273632716
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 330
  • Author: Jacob Theodor Klein
  • Publication Date: January 28th, 2012
  • Release Date: January 28th, 2012
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.68502 Inches by 7.44093 Inches by 0.688975 Inches
  • Weight: 1.3007273458 Pounds
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Belemnites (Earthwise Discovering Geology Guidecards)
By Beris M. Cox

British Geological Survey
Pamphlet
Lowest New Price: $6.08*
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Belemnites (Earthwise Discovering Geology Guidecards)
  • Manufacturer: British Geological Survey
  • ISBN: 0852722567
  • EAN: 9780852722565
  • PartNumber: colour illustrations
Details:
  • Product Category: Pamphlet
  • Authors: Beris M. Cox, Peter Doyle
Physical Description:
  • Weight: 0.0881849048 Pounds
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Faunal Realms in Jurassic and Cretaceous Belemnites. An original article from the Geological Magazine 1963.
By G.R. Stevens

Geological Magazine
Paperback
Lowest Used Price: $21.48*
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Description:
Faunal Realms in Jurassic and Cretaceous Belemnites. An original article from the Geological Magazine 1963.
  • Manufacturer: Geological Magazine
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: First Edition
  • Author: G.R. Stevens
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