Sauropod dinosaurs such as Apatosaurus (Brontosaurus), Brachiosaurus, Diplodocus and others

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Dinosaur Facts   >   Classification   >   Saurischia   >   Sauropods

Sauropod Dinosaurs



Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Sauropsida
  Superorder Dinosauria
  Order Saurischia
  Suborder Sauropodomorpha
  Infraorder Sauropoda
The Sauropoda (meaning "lizard-footed") dinosaurs were a infraorder of the the Saurischian. Together with the infraorder Prosauropods, they form the Sauropodomorpha) suborder of Saurischia. Dinosaurs in the Sauropod infrarder include, among others, Apatosaurus (also known as "Brontosaurus"), Brachiosaurus, and Diplodocus.

Sauropods first appeared during the later part of Triassic period, and at that time resembled their sister infraorder, the Prosauropods. By the late Jurassic period, Sauropods had become extremely widespread, and they survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago. Of course during all this time, no single species survived - instead a succession of different Sauropod lineages appeared at different times. At the end of Cretaceous, the Sauropods finally became extinct, along with all the other non-avian dinosaurs.

Dinosaur Classification

Sauropod dinosaurs were herbivorous (plant-eating). They were quadrupedal (walking on four legs), and they had thick pillar-like legs with five toes, although only three toes had claws. They had long necks and small heads and usually had long tails.. Additionally, some Sauropods had armor such bony osteoderms (found for example in Ampelosaurus and Saltasaurus), clubs in their tails (for example in Shunosaurus), or spined-backs (for example in Augustinia).

Sauropods are of course well-known for being large animals. Even the smallest dwarf species of Sauropod were 20 feet (6 meters) long, and the largest Sauropods were at least 130 feet (40 meters) long. There is evidence that there may have been some species that grew to 180 to 200 feet (55 to 60 meters) in length.

Why Sauropods evolved to become so large remains a matter of debate. Clearly there was some evolutionary advantage to being such huge sizes, but we can not entirely sure what it is. Some hypotheses that have been proposed include the relative immunity from predators that large size conveys, longer life spans, greater energy efficiency, or simply the fact that large-size allows herbivores to digest food more effectively.

There is a good evidence (for example fossilized trackways) that many species of Sauropods lived in herds. It is thought that many herds were separated by age, as juvenile animals appear to have eaten a different diet from adults.

Sauropod Timeline:



Sauropods first appeared during the early Jurassic period, and survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago

Sauropods first appeared during the early Jurassic period, and survived until the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago

Types of Sauropod Dinosaur



Here is a list of some Sauropod dinosaurs:

Dinosaur

Alamosaurus
Alamosaurus
 

Ampelosaurus
Ampelosaurus
 

Apatosaurus
Apatosaurus


Argentinosaurus
Argentinosaurus
 

Brachiosaurus
Brachiosaurus
 

Camarasaurus
Camarasaurus
 

Cetiosaurus
Cetiosaurus
 

Diplodocus
Diplodocus
 

Giraffatitan
Giraffatitan
 

Magyarosaurus
Magyarosaurus
 

Mamenchisaurus
Mamenchisaurus
 

Melanorosaurus
Melanorosaurus
 

Nemegtosaurus
Nemegtosaurus
 

Nigersaurus
Nigersaurus
 

Paralititan
Paralititan
 

Saltasaurus
Saltasaurus
 

Seismosaurus
Seismosaurus
 

Supersaurus
Supersaurus


Ultrasaurus
Ultrasaurus
 



Related Information & Resources


See Also


Sauropod Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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The Sauropod Dinosaurs: Life in the Age of Giants
By Mark Hallett

Johns Hopkins University Press
Released: November 1st, 2016
Hardcover (336 pages)

The Sauropod Dinosaurs: Life in the Age of Giants
List Price: $39.95*
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Description:
The Sauropod Dinosaurs: Life in the Age of Giants
  • Manufacturer: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Brand: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • ISBN: 1421420287
  • EAN: 9781421420288
  • PartNumber: 44941191
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Authors: Mark Hallett, Mathew J. Wedel
  • Publication Date: November 1st, 2016
  • Release Date: November 1st, 2016
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.0 Inches by 9.0 Inches by 0.95 Inches
  • Weight: 3.4502344003 Pounds
Features:
  • Johns Hopkins University Press
Click here for more information
Biology of the Sauropod Dinosaurs: Understanding the Life of Giants (Life of the Past)
Indiana University Press
Released: April 22nd, 2011
Hardcover (344 pages)

Biology of the Sauropod Dinosaurs: Understanding the Life of Giants (Life of the Past)
Lowest New Price: $25.00*
Available to ship in 1-2 days.*
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Description:
Biology of the Sauropod Dinosaurs: Understanding the Life of Giants (Life of the Past)
  • Manufacturer: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0253355087
  • EAN: 9780253355089
  • PartNumber: 35 colour illustrations, 148 b&w illustr
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Edition: 0
  • Number of Pages: 344
  • Publication Date: April 22nd, 2011
  • Release Date: April 22nd, 2011
Physical Description:
  • Size: 1.1 Inches by 11.2 Inches by 8.8 Inches
  • Weight: 3.24961374188 Pounds
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Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Sauropods and Other Sauropodomorphs
By Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Theropods; Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Sauropods Rubén Molina-Pérez

Princeton University Press
Released: July 28th, 2020
Hardcover (272 pages)

Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Sauropods and Other Sauropodomorphs
List Price: $35.00*
Lowest New Price: $24.50*
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Description:
Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Sauropods and Other Sauropodomorphs
  • Manufacturer: Princeton University Press
  • Brand: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691190690
  • EAN: 9780691190693
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Number of Pages: 272
  • Authors: Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Theropods; Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Sauropods Rubén Molina-Pérez, Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Theropods; Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Sauropods Asier Larramendi
  • Publication Date: July 28th, 2020
  • Release Date: July 28th, 2020
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.75 Inches by 9.5 Inches by 0.0 Inches
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Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Theropods and Other Dinosauriformes
By Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Theropods; Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Sauropods Rubén Molina-Pérez & David Connolly

Princeton University Press
Released: June 25th, 2019
Hardcover (288 pages)

Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Theropods and Other Dinosauriformes
List Price: $29.95*
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Description:
Dinosaur Facts and Figures: The Theropods and Other Dinosauriformes
  • Manufacturer: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691180318
  • EAN: 9780691180311
  • PartNumber: 2,200 color illus.
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Number of Pages: 288
  • Authors: Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Theropods; Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Sauropods Rubén Molina-Pérez, Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Theropods; Dinosaur Facts & Figures: The Sauropods Asier Larramendi, David Connolly, Gonzalo Ángel Ramírez Cruz
  • Publication Date: June 25th, 2019
  • Release Date: June 25th, 2019
Physical Description:
  • Size: 12.0 Inches by 9.0 Inches by 1.0 Inches
  • Weight: 3.8 Pounds
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Giant Dinosaurs! The Sauropods
By Tom Evans

World Book, Inc.
Released: July 1st, 2013
Hardcover (48 pages)

Giant Dinosaurs! The Sauropods
Lowest New Price: $19.95*
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Description:
Giant Dinosaurs! The Sauropods
  • Manufacturer: World Book, Inc.
  • ISBN: 0716603705
  • EAN: 9780716603702
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Number of Pages: 48
  • Author: Tom Evans
  • Publication Date: July 1st, 2013
  • Release Date: July 1st, 2013
Physical Description:
  • Weight: 0.75 Pounds
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Gigantic Long-Necked Plant-Eating Dinosaurs: The Prosauropods and Sauropods (Dinosaur Library)
By Thom Holmes

Brand: Enslow Publishers
Released: July 1st, 2001
Library Binding (128 pages)

Gigantic Long-Necked Plant-Eating Dinosaurs: The Prosauropods and Sauropods (Dinosaur Library)
List Price: $26.60*
Lowest Used Price: $5.98*
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Description:
Gigantic Long-Necked Plant-Eating Dinosaurs: The Prosauropods and Sauropods (Dinosaur Library)
  • Manufacturer: Enslow Pub Inc
  • Brand: Brand: Enslow Publishers
  • ISBN: 0766014495
  • EAN: 9780766014497
Details:
  • Product Category: Library Binding
  • Number of Pages: 128
  • Authors: Thom Holmes, Laurie Holmes
  • Publication Date: July 1st, 2001
  • Release Date: July 1st, 2001
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.25 Inches by 6.25 Inches by 0.75 Inches
  • Weight: 0.9 Pounds
Features:
  • Used Book in Good Condition
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Giant Dinosaurs: Sauropods (Dino Explorers)
By Clare Hibbert

Enslow Pub Inc
Released: August 15th, 2018
Library Binding (32 pages)

Giant Dinosaurs: Sauropods (Dino Explorers)
Lowest New Price: $25.27*
In Stock.*
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Description:
Giant Dinosaurs: Sauropods (Dino Explorers)
  • Manufacturer: Enslow Pub Inc
  • ISBN: 0766099962
  • EAN: 9780766099968
Details:
  • Product Category: Library Binding
  • Number of Pages: 32
  • Author: Clare Hibbert
  • Publication Date: August 15th, 2018
  • Release Date: August 15th, 2018
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.5 Inches by 9.0 Inches by 0.5 Inches
  • Weight: 0.8 Pounds
Click here for more information


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