Facts about Graptolites, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Graptolites

Graptolites



Graptolite Fossil

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Hemichordata
  Class Graptolithina
Graptolites are an extinct group of marine animals that lived in the seas from the Cambrian period until the end Carboniferous period. The were extremely successful and lived in colonies - there were both benthic (permanently attached to the sea-floor by a "root") and pelagic (floating freely, or attached to seaweed) varieties.

Graptolite are very common, particularly those which were deposited in mud rocks and shales, as a result are often used as "index fossils" - that is to say that rocks can be dated. Additionally, The particular type of graptolite fossil present in a rock can sometimes used by scientists to estimate the temperature or depth of a region at the time of the Graptolite's lifetime.

Although Graptolite fossils tend to be quite common, they are not always easy to see. Even if seen, many casual observers mistake them for fossil plants, and even Carl Linnaeus (the Swedish botanist who was the principle founder of modern taxonomy) regarded them as "pictures resembling fossils rather than true fossils"

Finally, the presence of two distinct types of Grapolites in the rocks of Europe and North America, just like the two distinct types of Trilobites found in the very same rocks, has been regarded as evidence of an ancient ocean (known as the "Iapetus Ocean") that once lay between the two continents. The Iapetus Ocean is thought to have closed-up again when all the continents joined together in the super-continent of Pangaea - and when a new ocean (the Atlantic Ocean), separating Europe and North America, did eventually appear, it did so along a somewhat different line of separation.

Evidence for the Iapetus Ocean

Graptolites Timeline:



Graptolites were marine colonial animals that lived from the Cambrian period to the Carboniferous periods

Graptolites were marine colonial animals that lived from the Cambrian period to the Carboniferous periods


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Graptolite Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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Graptolite Paleobiology (TOPA Topics in Paleobiology)
By Jörg Maletz

Wiley-Interscience
Released: May 8th, 2017
Paperback (336 pages)

Graptolite Paleobiology (TOPA Topics in Paleobiology)
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Description:
Graptolite Paleobiology (TOPA Topics in Paleobiology)
  • Manufacturer: Wiley-Blackwell
  • Brand: Wiley-Interscience
  • ISBNs: 9781118515723, 1118515722
  • EAN: 9781118515723
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Author: Jörg Maletz
  • Publication Date: May 8th, 2017
  • Release Date: May 8th, 2017
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.598406 inches by 7.499985 inches by 0.700786 inches
  • Weight: 1.750029435756 pounds
Click here for more information
Graptolites: Writing in the Rocks (Fossils Illustrated) (Volume 1)
Boydell Press
Released: June 24th, 2001
Hardcover (328 pages)

Graptolites: Writing in the Rocks (Fossils Illustrated) (Volume 1)
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Description:
Graptolites: Writing in the Rocks (Fossils Illustrated) (Volume 1)
  • Manufacturer: Boydell Press
  • Brand: Boydell Press
  • ISBN: 0851152627
  • EAN: 9780851152622
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Number of Pages: 328
  • Publication Date: June 24th, 2001
  • Release Date: June 24th, 2001
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.0 inches by 6.75 inches by 0.75 inches
  • Weight: 1.46827866492 Pounds
Click here for more information
Graptolites of North America (Geological Society of America. Memoir 19)
By Rudolf Ruedemann

Waverly Press]
Hardcover (652 pages)

Graptolites of North America (Geological Society of America. Memoir 19)
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Description:
Graptolites of North America (Geological Society of America. Memoir 19)
  • Manufacturer: Waverly Press]
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Edition: First Edition
  • Number of Pages: 652
  • Author: Rudolf Ruedemann
Physical Description:
  • Weight: 0.992080179 Pounds
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Graptolites of New York, Vol. 1: Graptolites of the Lower Beds (Classic Reprint)
By Rudolf Ruedemann

Forgotten Books
Released: August 24th, 2018
Paperback (391 pages)

Graptolites of New York, Vol. 1: Graptolites of the Lower Beds (Classic Reprint)
List Price: $48.57*
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Description:
Graptolites of New York, Vol. 1: Graptolites of the Lower Beds (Classic Reprint)
  • Manufacturer: Forgotten Books
  • ISBN: 0428160360
  • EAN: 9780428160364
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 391
  • Author: Rudolf Ruedemann
  • Publication Date: August 24th, 2018
  • Release Date: August 24th, 2018
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.01573 inches by 5.98424 inches by 0.8102346 inches
  • Weight: 1.15963149812 Pounds
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Graptolites De Bohême... (French Edition)
By Joachim Barrande

Nabu Press
Released: November 3rd, 2011
Paperback (110 pages)

Graptolites De Bohême... (French Edition)
Lowest New Price: $19.75*
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Description:
Graptolites De Bohême... (French Edition)
  • Manufacturer: Nabu Press
  • Brand: Nabu Press
  • ISBN: 1270986228
  • EAN: 9781270986225
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 110
  • Author: Joachim Barrande
  • Publication Date: November 3rd, 2011
  • Release Date: November 3rd, 2011
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.69 inches by 7.44 inches by 0.23 inches
  • Weight: 0.46958461806 Pounds
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Graptolites of New York: 2 Volumes: Part 1: Graptolites of the Lowers Beds: Part 2: Graptolites of the Higher Beds
By unknown author

New York State Education Dept.
Hardcover (0 pages)

Graptolites of New York: 2 Volumes: Part 1: Graptolites of the Lowers Beds: Part 2: Graptolites of the Higher Beds
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Description:
Graptolites of New York: 2 Volumes: Part 1: Graptolites of the Lowers Beds: Part 2: Graptolites of the Higher Beds
  • Manufacturer: New York State Education Dept.
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Number of Pages: 0
  • Author: unknown author
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ARE THE GRAPTOLITE BRYOZOANS?
By E.O. & Ruedemann Rudolph Ulrich

Bull Geol Soc Amer
Paperback (0 pages)

ARE THE GRAPTOLITE BRYOZOANS?
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Description:
ARE THE GRAPTOLITE BRYOZOANS?
  • Manufacturer: Bull Geol Soc Amer
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 0
  • Author: E.O. & Ruedemann Rudolph Ulrich
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Dendroid Graptolites Of The Niagaran Dolomites At Hamilton, Ontario (1909)
Kessinger Publishing
Released: October 15th, 2009
Paperback (100 pages)

Dendroid Graptolites Of The Niagaran Dolomites At Hamilton, Ontario (1909)
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Dendroid Graptolites Of The Niagaran Dolomites At Hamilton, Ontario (1909)
  • Manufacturer: Kessinger Publishing
  • Brand: Kessinger Publishing
  • ISBN: 1120276063
  • EAN: 9781120276063
  • PartNumber: black & white illustrations
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 100
  • Publication Date: October 15th, 2009
  • Release Date: October 15th, 2009
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 inches by 6.0 inches by 0.21 inches
  • Weight: 0.32 Pounds
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BIBLIOGRAPHIC INDEX OF BOHEMIAN SILURIAN GRAPTOLITES
By Alois Pribyl

Knihovna
Paperback (0 pages)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC INDEX OF BOHEMIAN SILURIAN GRAPTOLITES
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Description:
BIBLIOGRAPHIC INDEX OF BOHEMIAN SILURIAN GRAPTOLITES
  • Manufacturer: Knihovna
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 0
  • Author: Alois Pribyl
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The Ordovician and Graptolites of Lithuania: The facies, tectonic structures, graptolites and biostratigraphy of the Ordovician
By Juozas Pa?kevi?ius

LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Released: April 13th, 2011
Paperback (116 pages)

The Ordovician and Graptolites of Lithuania: The facies, tectonic structures, graptolites and biostratigraphy of the Ordovician
Lowest New Price: $71.00*
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Description:
The Ordovician and Graptolites of Lithuania: The facies, tectonic structures, graptolites and biostratigraphy of the Ordovician
  • Manufacturer: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
  • Brand: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
  • ISBNs: 9783844330441, 3844330445
  • EAN: 9783844330441
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 116
  • Author: Juozas Pa?kevi?ius
  • Publication Date: April 13th, 2011
  • Release Date: April 13th, 2011
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.66 inches by 5.91 inches by 0.27 inches
  • Weight: 0.402 Pounds
Click here for more information
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