Facts about Graptolites, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Graptolites

Graptolites



Graptolite Fossil

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Hemichordata
  Class Graptolithina
Graptolites are an extinct group of marine animals that lived in the seas from the Cambrian period until the end Carboniferous period. The were extremely successful and lived in colonies - there were both benthic (permanently attached to the sea-floor by a "root") and pelagic (floating freely, or attached to seaweed) varieties.

Graptolite are very common, particularly those which were deposited in mud rocks and shales, as a result are often used as "index fossils" - that is to say that rocks can be dated. Additionally, The particular type of graptolite fossil present in a rock can sometimes used by scientists to estimate the temperature or depth of a region at the time of the Graptolite's lifetime.

Although Graptolite fossils tend to be quite common, they are not always easy to see. Even if seen, many casual observers mistake them for fossil plants, and even Carl Linnaeus (the Swedish botanist who was the principle founder of modern taxonomy) regarded them as "pictures resembling fossils rather than true fossils"

Finally, the presence of two distinct types of Grapolites in the rocks of Europe and North America, just like the two distinct types of Trilobites found in the very same rocks, has been regarded as evidence of an ancient ocean (known as the "Iapetus Ocean") that once lay between the two continents. The Iapetus Ocean is thought to have closed-up again when all the continents joined together in the super-continent of Pangaea - and when a new ocean (the Atlantic Ocean), separating Europe and North America, did eventually appear, it did so along a somewhat different line of separation.

Evidence for the Iapetus Ocean

Graptolites Timeline:



Graptolites were marine colonial animals that lived from the Cambrian period to the Carboniferous periods

Graptolites were marine colonial animals that lived from the Cambrian period to the Carboniferous periods


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Graptolite Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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Graptolite Paleobiology (TOPA Topics in Paleobiology)
By Jörg Maletz

Wiley-Interscience
Released: May 8th, 2017
Paperback (336 pages)

Graptolite Paleobiology (TOPA Topics in Paleobiology)
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Description:
Graptolite Paleobiology (TOPA Topics in Paleobiology)
  • Manufacturer: Wiley-Blackwell
  • Brand: Wiley-Interscience
  • ISBNs: 9781118515723, 1118515722
  • EAN: 9781118515723
  • PartNumber: unknown
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Author: Jörg Maletz
  • Publication Date: May 8th, 2017
  • Release Date: May 8th, 2017
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.598406 Inches by 7.499985 Inches by 0.700786 Inches
  • Weight: 1.71078715312 Pounds
Click here for more information
Graptolites of North America (Geological Society of America. Memoir 19)
By Rudolf Ruedemann

Waverly Press]
Hardcover (652 pages)

Graptolites of North America (Geological Society of America. Memoir 19)
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Description:
Graptolites of North America (Geological Society of America. Memoir 19)
  • Manufacturer: Waverly Press]
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Edition: First Edition
  • Number of Pages: 652
  • Author: Rudolf Ruedemann
Physical Description:
  • Weight: 1.0 Pounds
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Graptolites: Writing in the Rocks (Fossils Illustrated)
Boydell Press
Released: May 24th, 2001
Hardcover (328 pages)

Graptolites: Writing in the Rocks (Fossils Illustrated)
List Price: $95.00*
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Description:
Graptolites: Writing in the Rocks (Fossils Illustrated)
  • Manufacturer: Boydell Press
  • ISBN: 0851152627
  • EAN: 9780851152622
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Number of Pages: 328
  • Publication Date: May 24th, 2001
  • Release Date: May 24th, 2001
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.0 Inches by 6.75 Inches by 0.75 Inches
  • Weight: 1.46827866492 Pounds
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New York State Museum John M. Clarke State Paleontologist Memoir 7 Graptolites of New York Part 1 Graptolites of the Lower Beds
By Rudolf Ruedemann

Alpha Edition
Released: November 1st, 2019
Paperback (394 pages)

New York State Museum John M. Clarke State Paleontologist Memoir 7 Graptolites of New York Part 1 Graptolites of the Lower Beds
Lowest New Price: $15.42*
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Description:
New York State Museum John M. Clarke State Paleontologist Memoir 7 Graptolites of New York Part 1 Graptolites of the Lower Beds
  • Manufacturer: Alpha Edition
  • ISBN: 9353922410
  • EAN: 9789353922412
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 394
  • Author: Rudolf Ruedemann
  • Publication Date: November 1st, 2019
  • Release Date: November 1st, 2019
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.02 Inches by 8.5 Inches by 0.81 Inches
  • Weight: 2.01061582944 Pounds
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Darriwilian to Katian (Ordovician) Graptolites from Northwest China
Elsevier
Released: December 14th, 2016
Hardcover (370 pages)

Darriwilian to Katian (Ordovician) Graptolites from Northwest China
List Price: $200.00*
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Description:
Darriwilian to Katian (Ordovician) Graptolites from Northwest China
  • Manufacturer: Elsevier
  • Brand: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 012800973X
  • EAN: 9780128009734
  • PartNumber: 9780128009734
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 370
  • Publication Date: December 14th, 2016
  • Release Date: December 14th, 2016
Physical Description:
  • Size: 11.0 Inches by 8.75 Inches by 1.0 Inches
  • Weight: 2.6896395964 Pounds
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The Ordovician and Graptolites of Lithuania: The facies, tectonic structures, graptolites and biostratigraphy of the Ordovician
By Juozas Pa?kevi?ius

Juozas Pa Kevi Ius
Released: April 13th, 2011
Paperback (116 pages)

The Ordovician and Graptolites of Lithuania: The facies, tectonic structures, graptolites and biostratigraphy of the Ordovician
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Description:
The Ordovician and Graptolites of Lithuania: The facies, tectonic structures, graptolites and biostratigraphy of the Ordovician
  • Manufacturer: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
  • Brand: Juozas Pa Kevi Ius
  • ISBNs: 9783844330441, 3844330445
  • EAN: 9783844330441
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 116
  • Author: Juozas Pa?kevi?ius
  • Publication Date: April 13th, 2011
  • Release Date: April 13th, 2011
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.66 Inches by 5.91 Inches by 0.27 Inches
  • Weight: 0.39903669422 Pounds
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Special Papers in Palaeontology, Graptolites from the Upper Ordovician and Lower Silurian of Jordan
By David K. Loydell

Wiley-Interscience
Released: November 12th, 2007
Paperback (68 pages)

Special Papers in Palaeontology, Graptolites from the Upper Ordovician and Lower Silurian of Jordan
List Price: $173.75*
Lowest New Price: $106.98*
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Description:
Special Papers in Palaeontology, Graptolites from the Upper Ordovician and Lower Silurian of Jordan
  • Manufacturer: Wiley-Blackwell
  • Brand: Wiley-Interscience
  • ISBNs: 1405179783, 9781405179782
  • EAN: 9781405179782
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 68
  • Author: David K. Loydell
  • Publication Date: November 12th, 2007
  • Release Date: November 12th, 2007
Physical Description:
  • Size: 10.901553 Inches by 8.299196 Inches by 0.181102 Inches
  • Weight: 0.48942622164 Pounds
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Dendroid Graptolites Of The Niagaran Dolomites At Hamilton, Ontario...
By Anonymous

Nabu Press
Released: March 15th, 2012
Paperback (106 pages)

Dendroid Graptolites Of The Niagaran Dolomites At Hamilton, Ontario...
Lowest New Price: $18.75*
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Description:
Dendroid Graptolites Of The Niagaran Dolomites At Hamilton, Ontario...
  • Manufacturer: Nabu Press
  • ISBN: 1278067914
  • EAN: 9781278067919
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 106
  • Author: Anonymous
  • Publication Date: March 15th, 2012
  • Release Date: March 15th, 2012
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.68502 Inches by 7.44093 Inches by 0.2196846 Inches
  • Weight: 0.44974301448 Pounds
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Preliminary Report On Some Graptolites From The Lower Paleozoic Rocks On The South Side Of The St. Lawrence From Cape Rosier To Tartigo River From The North Shore Of The Island Of Orleans. ...
By Charles Lapworth

Nabu Press
Released: April 16th, 2012
Paperback (24 pages)

Preliminary Report On Some Graptolites From The Lower Paleozoic Rocks On The South Side Of The St. Lawrence From Cape Rosier To Tartigo River From The North Shore Of The Island Of Orleans. ...
Lowest New Price: $14.75*
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Description:
Preliminary Report On Some Graptolites From The Lower Paleozoic Rocks On The South Side Of The St. Lawrence From Cape Rosier To Tartigo River From The North Shore Of The Island Of Orleans. ...
  • Manufacturer: Nabu Press
  • ISBN: 124884565X
  • EAN: 9781248845653
  • PartNumber: black & white illustrations
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 24
  • Author: Charles Lapworth
  • Publication Date: April 16th, 2012
  • Release Date: April 16th, 2012
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.68502 Inches by 7.44093 Inches by 0.0496062 Inches
  • Weight: 0.14109584768 Pounds
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Graptolites De Boheme (1850) (French Edition)
By Joachim Barrande

Kessinger Publishing, LLC
Released: September 10th, 2010
Paperback (92 pages)

Graptolites De Boheme (1850) (French Edition)
Lowest New Price: $15.16*
Available to ship in 1-2 days.*
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Description:
Graptolites De Boheme (1850) (French Edition)
  • Manufacturer: Kessinger Publishing, LLC
  • ISBN: 1168343194
  • EAN: 9781168343192
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 92
  • Author: Joachim Barrande
  • Publication Date: September 10th, 2010
  • Release Date: September 10th, 2010
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.01573 Inches by 5.98424 Inches by 0.1905508 Inches
  • Weight: 0.3 Pounds
Click here for more information


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